The Role of science and technology in disaster management is highly effective and grateful. In the last few decades, technology has been greatly modified to expand its limits. It is being used in different scenarios to save precious lives.
Disasters are unforeseen and fatal incidents that cause loss of lives and wealth. Sometimes the gentle balance of nature is disturbed and it severely hit different regions of the world.
Like earthquakes and tsunamis. While sometimes the use of man-made mighty war machines brings destruction. These disasters take the lives of thousands of people around the globe.
As it is something that we can not stop or can we avoid it. The only solution is to minimize its hazardous shock through quick response. Technology is being shaped to respond to catastrophic wars and natural disasters quickly and efficiently.
Most Common Role of Science and Technology in Disaster Management
In this article, I am going to give you information about the Role of Science and Technology in Disaster Management.
NASA Finder detects human beneath rubble:
The role of science and technology in the field of disaster management is very excellent and promising in saving lives. NASA Finder is a suitcase-type device used in disaster management. It is used in earthquakes and avalanches to save people.
In emergencies when an earth quack and avalanches hit an area severely. Timely response and quick operation are needed to save lives. NASA finder detects heartbeats
and respiration of human beings in wrecked buildings or debris.
A human can not detect the precise place where the victim is stuck in concrete. It can detect humans or another living being in 20 feet of solid concrete.
Finder is the quickest and most reliable tool to Quickly find and aid the victim. Finder was used in many severe earth quacks and disasters and it showed very promising results.
Robots and drones for rescue operations:
Robots and drones are emerging technologies having applications in different sectors of life. It is so surprising that robots and drones can be modified for work in almost every situation.
Whenever a disaster strikes the first thing that the government and other agencies do is to reach out quickly and gather information on the hit area. They need to quickly visit to plan a strategy and rescue operations.
The role of recent technologies like drones and robots in disaster management is marvelous.
The drones are very helping full in reaching those areas quickly where a human cannot reach due to the wreckage. It gathers information with the cameras installed and live video recordings.
It can view the damage from a different angle that helps the rescue team to conduct the operation. It is used to drop aid and food for the victims.
The same is the role of robots which can be remotely sent into the crakes’ collapsed buildings to find and locate the victims. The robots are usually small vehicles with wheels and cameras installed.
In emergency and rescue operations time is an important factor in saving lives. As humans can not go inside small crakes and holes. The robots quickly locate the victims in the wreckage for quick rescue operations.
Earthquake warning system:
Earthquakes are one of the horrific natural disasters that hugely affect the lives of millions around the globe.
To counter the damaging effects the role of science and technology in the field of disaster management is advantageous. An earthquake warning system gives precise knowledge about the magnitude of the earthquake.
It measures the magnitude of an earthquake by the combined work of a seismometer that measures the motions of the earth and an accelerometer that measures the acceleration of the earth’s movement. This data is displayed on computers in analytical forms.
The data displayed on computers alert the authorities of the severity of the disaster. The rescue operation is initiated more comprehensively according to the warning system.
Forest fire preparedness:
Forest fires are a great threat to the lives of animals and humans. it can damage the property and result in huge economic losses.
It is one of those disasters that take place at a slow pace and expand tremendously. After expansion, it is very difficult to curb its dangerous harm.
If forest fires are not curbed on time they can end up in massive destruction like the Australian fire in 2019. Where it destroyed around 18 million hectares of the land and killed almost 1 billion animals.
Keeping in mind the severity and damage resulting from fires. Technology has been incorporated to timely handle the disaster.
Remote sensing and thermal images and heat signatures from the above-using helicopters or satellites. The mid-infrared and light emitted from the fire during day and night also help in preparing response, rescue operations, and protecting economically important farms.
The images also help in the assessment and mapping of vegetation and burned land for covering the losses.
The role of technology in disaster management is very profitable as explained above. GPS and communication technology especially are the backbone of disaster management and timely response.
GPS locates the area of disaster very quickly and communication technology provides the flow of information in real time. Moreover, the use of modern technologies such as drones and robots in disaster management also needs appreciation.
Robots and drones increased the possibilities of survival for victims in a disaster. Disasters and calamities can never be paused in the world. They happen in the past and they will appear in the future. We depend on technology to minimize the effect and avoid losses.
I will be writing more about the influence of technology in my upcoming articles. Let me know if you have any queries about the role of technology in disaster management. I respond promptly to all queries.
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